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From the week’s readings, I have learnt some new terms associated with learning, which have made me realise that I have been facing a long term dilemma between my theory of action and theory in use and consequently preventing my optimal level of learning.  Argyris (2002) describes that an individual’s behaviour is often inconsistent with the way they think they act, otherwise known as their theory of action. Their theory in use (actual behaviour) usually contradicts their perceived behaviour and thus when confronted or asked to reflect on how to improve their behaviour, they naturally become defensive and point blame elsewhere.

We can apply this very concept to our weekly reflective journals. As we know, Daudelin’s framework begins with problem articulation and each week, we all have identified an issue we faced. From my personal experience, I can truthfully say that I too have pointed blame elsewhere when asked to reflect on my own behaviour. Take for example my first learning journal; the problem I recognized was Peter being upset with class due to the lack of participation (correlated to the fact no one had done the readings including me). Here is a prime example of how I shifted the blame rather than analysing how my own behaviour contributed to the issue. Instead, I should have acknowledged that my own actions (inability to complete the readings on time) were the root cause of the problem and reflected on how I could have better performed.

Thinking about all this, I have come to the realisation that in order to achieve a high level of learning (consistent with Argyris’ theory), we must reflect first within ourselves and the actions we take, as they are the likely causes of external problems we face. Therefore, in future we should constantly think about how problems can be resolved or significantly improved through simple behavioural changes.


Argyris, C. (2002). Teaching Smart People How to Learn. Reflections, 4(2), 4-15. doi:10.1162/152417302762251291

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  1. Hi Monica,

    Your journal was well written and to the point. I could clearly see you work though Daudelin's framework and identify each stage, which showed your train of thought this week. To improve your reflection you could have expanded on some of the more complicated aspects of this problem and your realisation that "we must reflect first within ourselves and the actions we take". Such as, why do you think you never reflected within before ? and how are you going to do this in the future? This may actually be the real problem as we tend to be too busy for self reflection and as individuals we often dismiss fault. Therefore how do you think we can make these behavioural shifts?


    Just a few things your journal made me start questioning, otherwise it ticked the boxes for me!


    Keep up the good work!


  2. Hi Monica, 

    I enjoyed reading your reflection this week as it was concise and effective at getting your central points across. I believe that you have written some effective framework for a really effective journal, by clearly establishing the problems which you have faced for the week, how they effected you, and how you think you can learn from them. I would say that it could benefit from more discussion throughout however, in order to show deeper and more critical engagement with the theory. You establish some good points, although I think that you could probably have discussed a lot more points deeper, such as the last paragraph where you could perhaps discuss the future implications, and what you have learnt through reflection in more detail. I thin that you could have perhaps made some of your reflection more personal and relative to your own experiences, rather than describing the theories then describing an experience which relates to that theory. I think that the last paragraph especially could perhaps have been made more personal in regards to your own experiences, and this would then allow you to discuss the theory more critically, rather than describing it. 

    Overall I would say that it is an effective reflection, with some very good framework laid down for potentially deeper discussion in the future. Very nice work!